Adventures in ADHD – the lost phone

Posted in ADHD with tags , , on Wednesday, April 1, 2015 by Ed Wyrd

First thing: I seldom misplace things (my wife might disagree) despite my ADHD, like my car keys. Generally, I remember where I put things, but that’s a function of deliberately putting things in the same place so I don’t forget where they are. That’s a tactic I’ve learned because of my ADHD.

And I might add, misplacing something is different from losing it. Losing something means its gone for good or until I stumble across it in a box in the basement where I stuffed said item when we were blitzkrieg cleaning before company arrived.

That said, today at work I misplaced my phone. This, of course, sent me into a blind panic. OMG! Where’s my phone? It wasn’t in my holster. It wasn’t on my desk. It wasn’t on a cabinet. It wasn’t on the floor.

So I retraced all my steps since arriving at work. The restroom? No. The breakroom? No. OK, what if someone found it? Luckily, we’re on a floor inaccessible to the public or I’d really be in a panic that someone found it and kept it (which still briefly entered my mind, but knowing most of the people on my floor, I dismissed it).

Maybe someone turned it in to the Lost and Found, which we don’t actually have. They would have emailed the facilities manager, who in turn would send out a building-wide email.

Email! So I went and checked to see if someone had indeed found it.

No such luck.

So I’m standing in my cube, my mind racing a mile a minute (which, by the way, is only 60 mph. Not very fast, so why do people use that expression?), and well, that brings up the second thing I should mention.

Second thing: I’ve had my phone holster for as long as I’ve had my phone, but I only use it when I’m wearing a shirt with no front pocket. The last week, however, I’ve been wearing the holster because the fitness step tracker app registers my steps better while on my hip.

So, yes, you’re probably ahead of me at this point, nodding your head and thinking, “What an idiot.” OK, I deserve that.

Where was I? Oh, right, standing in my cube after having searched every inch of it for my phone, as well as the rest of the 5th floor, wondering what the hell do I do next and did I take out insurance for it from Verizon, when I happened to glance down and there it was…

In my shirt pocket…

Where I had absentmindedly placed it instead of the holster.

Am I red-faced or what?

Which brings me to the final thing.

Third, and last, thing: my smartphone is one of the larger ones and sticks out of my pocket by a good half inch.

I’m very glad I didn’t go up to anyone and asked, “Have you seen my phone?” And all the whole its there, visible, in my shirt pocket. They’d have probably thought it was an April Fool’s prank.


Deciphering the Gun Magazines

Posted in firearms, guns, handguns, pistols with tags , , , on Thursday, February 26, 2015 by Ed Wyrd

So my blog post from two days ago started out discussing how I’ve been researching firearms for a few stories I’m working on, and then it progressively meandered into a history on the firearms company, Colt, because… 1911s are shiny!

The reason for this research is, I don’t want someone who knows something about guns picking up my story and reading:

They kept coming and I kept firing. Then click! Click! Click! My Glock was empty and the sound of the hammer striking an empty cylinder was loud in my ears. But not as loud as the demonic snarl of victory that came from my attackers.

I mean, that would be embarrassing, wouldn’t it? I mean, really. A Glock? Seriously? Ick.

So to avoid such errors, I’ve been researching weapons.

I’ve been reading gun magazines, books, visiting gun websites, watching YouTube channels, and lurking at gun forums. One thing I’ve noticed right off is: holy crap but gun sites are dominated by right wingers! Great information, but stay out of the political discussions. It’s almost like there aren’t any liberals who own guns. I think I’ll start a gun group called POW (Progressives Owning Weapons). I did find one oasis of progressive thought in this desert of conservatism. It’s The Liberal Gun Club.

But that’s going far afield of what I wanted to talk about, which is Gun magazines. There are a ton of them. Gun World. Guns. Guns and Ammo. American Handgunner. Handguns. Trigger. Recoil. Concealed Carry. Home Defender. Combat Handguns.

Dozens. The selection is overwhelming. I can’t think of any other topic that has this many periodicals devoted to it. So I’ve been reading a few, in addition to the one I was already reading, Guns of the Old West. That one I’ve been reading for a few years because I’ve always been a history buff and stories about famous characters from the old west and their firearms fascinate me.

One thing that caught my attention was, all these magazines give gun reviews that make each and every gun in the magazine seem like the second coming of the John Moses Browning’s 1911. Even the cheap guns. This is where the gun sites on the Internet come in to play. The Internet offers a balance to the overly enthusiastic opinions offered by the magazines. They are more honest opinions, if you like. If someone believes a Dinkleberry Vest Pocket 9mm is a piece of crap, they’ll come right out and say it’s a piece of crap, whereas a magazine reviewer will say “the Dinkleberry Vest Pocket 9mm is a solid performer that fits perfectly into its budget price point.”

The Internet however, is also full of haters. Therefore, you need to sort through the “All Dinkleberrys suck!” “The Vest Pockets jam so badly you should spread them on toast!” You run into that mostly in the forums where people feel they can say whatever they want without any need to back-up their opinion with fact. The poster might have handled one lemon of a handgun and thereafter condemns the entire company and won’t listen to any opinion that contradicts theirs. Of course, that isn’t to say there isn’t any fair and honest opinions there, because there are. You just have to learn which poster is knowledgeable and which one is full of shit.

But back to the gun magazines, I wondered, why are the newsstand periodicals all sunshine and roses in their reviews? Then I remembered, it’s because the magazines have two missions: to sell magazines and to not offend their advertisers. And unfortunately, their advertisers are the firearm, ammo, and accessory manufacturers that they’re trying to also review.

Back in late 1970s, I was a huge audiophile and I read all the audio equipment magazines of the day. Stereo Review. Audio. Stereophile. And several others that have long since gone out of business. They also were caught between a rock and hard place – reviewing the products of their advertisers.

The trick with those articles was simple. You’d count the column inches of the article then divide it by the number of superlatives the writer used. This gave you a real indication of the worth of the product. The bigger the sum of that formula, the better the stereo receiver, or the turntable, or the loudspeaker were.

Maybe that formula works with the gun magazines, too. I’ll have to try it and see, because just reading the articles as is, a person could go broke buying every supposedly good gun they reviewed.

Now if you’ll excuse me, I have to finish that article on the Dinkleberry Vest Pocket 9mm. It sounds like it would make a good beginner’s pistol.


What the hell happened to Colt?

Posted in Colt, Ruger, Wonder Nine with tags , , on Wednesday, February 25, 2015 by Ed Wyrd

This is the second part of a blog post I started yesterday called “Writing, Research, and Guns,” which actually had little to do with writing or research except in the abstract sense that I’ve done a lot of reading regarding firearms for some weird westerns and detective urban fantasies I’ve been writing. You don’t need to read yesterday’s post to understand today’s, but won’t you feel silly if there’s a pop quiz at the end?

Please Note: I am not a gun historian and for the sake of brevity (hell, this topic could form an extensive series of columns) I’ve skimmed some facts about Colt. If you’re really interested, there are huge coffee table books available on just the topic of Colt’s Manufacturing Company alone.

Yesterday, I rambled on about the top U.S. firearms manufacturers and how the once mighty Colt has fallen on hard times. Today, I’ll try to elucidate on my reasons why Colt has failed in recent years.

To reiterate, I’m talking about the company started by Samuel Colt, super genius. He was an inventor, an industrialist, and a damned fine gunsmith. His manufacturing methods of mass production were at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution (to borrow a line from Wikipedia). Many acknowledge that with his use of interchangeable parts, he was was of the very first to successfully use the assembly line, decades before Henry Ford.

His introduction of the Colt Walker in 1847 and the Dragoon in 1848 cemented a lucrative relationship for Colt’s Manufacturing with the U.S. Military that lasted almost a century and a half.

It certainly didn’t hurt that years later in the 1890s, Colt’s Manufacturing hired another super genius: one John Moses Browning. I don’t have time to go into his accomplishments here, but suffice to say he designed cartridges (.25 ACP, .32 ACP, .38 ACP, .380 ACP, .45 ACP, to name a few), firearms (Colt Model 1900, 1902, 1903, 1908, U.S. M1911, Browning Hi-Power, several Winchester rifle models, and a half dozen or more machine guns), not to mention a list of patent’s to choke a horse. (Ha, see what I did there?)

Colt’s history is the history of American firearms. So how did this company that was once on top of the world, their name spoken almost reverently among gun enthusiasts, go from King of the Hill to become an also-ran, which I think it is safe to call them when they’ve dropped all the way down to number 20 in 2010 on the U.S. firearms manufacturers hit parade?

Arrogance, lack of vision, and an inability to adapt, which are the same things that have caused many a great corporation to flounder and sink.

Let’s start with arrogance. I guess its unavoidable, but when you’ve been on the top for so long you begin to stop taking your competition seriously and refuse to change what you’ve been doing. The old saw, “if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it” comes into play. In Colt’s case, they considered themselves the Ordained Purveyors to the Military and felt all they had to do was some slight modifications to their 1911 and it would be a shoe-in to win the handgun trials in the 1980s. They were betting on the government’s frugality to help them win. It was cheaper to revamp the existing 1911 inventory to meet the new 9mm NATO ammo standard then to purchase hundreds of thousands new handguns.

But surprise! They chose poorly. Instead of R&Ding a new gun, Colt went with the old tried and true and came in last place. For the first time in American history, a foreign company won the contract to supply arms to our military.

The Beretta 92FS, one of the Wonder Nines

The Beretta 92FS, one of the Wonder Nines

The 1980s held more shocks for Colt. A protracted UAW workers strike proved costly, affecting quality, which in turn affected their good name. Colt had been synonymous with high quality and that reputation became tarnished.

I don’t know what the union was asking for or what Colt was counter-offering, but many manufacturers throughout history have been crippled or forced out of business by a protracted labor dispute. Strikes are one of the tools unions use to negotiate, but to me, it’s like the nuclear option. No one wants to go there because, well… The End. Protracted strikes are like cutting off your nose to spite your face. Did you know that Schlitz was once the number one beer producer for many decades until a strike in the 1950s crippled them and paved the way for Anheiser-Busch to become numero uno? In Colt’s case, the strike ended in an arrangement that resulted in Colt being sold to a group of private investors, the state of Connecticut, and the UAW itself.

The 1980s also so a shift in consumer tastes. Suddenly demand was for the “Wonder Nines!” Companies like Beretta, Glock, Heckler & Koch, and SIG Sauer were producing high capacity, 9mm, double action pistols and Colt was caught flat-footed. Even Smith and Wesson, Colt’s biggest American competitor, offered their Model 59, which they had created way back in 1971.

An inability to adapt either to changes in market trends or consumer tastes has been the death knell for many companies. Those that can’t or won’t innovate, who continue producing the same old thing thinking the current shift is only temporary and the consumers will “come back to their senses” goes hand-in-hand with arrogance. Companies that are unable to diversity their product portfolios are doomed like the proverbial buggy whip manufacturer. How many turntable manufacturers were put out of business because they didn’t see the compact disc on the horizon?

The failed Colt All American 2000

The failed Colt All American 2000

Colt fared even worse in the 1990s. Not only didn’t they bounce back from the strike, but they ended up declaring bankruptcy in 1992, the year after they introduced their first ever high-capacity, polymer 9mm pistol! It was a miserable failure for many reasons including unreliability and a product recall. They ended production two years later. The Colt All American 2000 wasn’t a bad pistol, it had a nice look, similar to a CZ 75, and could have become a rather decent gun, but Colt never gave it a chance. They had to jettison it, as well as their other small gun introduced in the 1980s, the Mustang .380 ACP, to simplify their lineup for the bankruptcy.

The 1990s also brought an end to the Cold War and subsequent downsizing in the entire defense industry. Colt was purchased again in 1994. Despite the new financial group’s backing, Colt managed only one military contract for the M4.

Then in 1998, the shit hit the fan when Colt CEO Ron Stewart, in a Washington Post interview, said he favored a federal permit system with training and testing for gun ownership. Can you say “boycott?”

Stewart was soon replaced by Steven Sliwa, who decided to focus all research on “smart guns.” Hang another albatross around Colt’s neck: nobody, but nobody was interested in a smart gun.

Enter William Keys, retired U.S. Marine Lt. General in 2002. He helped restore some of Colt’s reputation, the boycott faded away, and he made Colt an international leader in Defense production by splitting Colt Defense from Colt’s Manufacturing Company, which continued to serve the civilian market.

In 2010, when Colt was ranked #20 among American firearms manufacturers, Keys was replaced by Gerald Dinkel as CEO, but Keys remained on the Board of Directors for Colt Defense.

What effect Dinkel has had on the company’s success I don’t know. The list I found is from 2010. So what I do know is, they ended all production of double-action revolvers. They must believe that is a dying market despite the fact that for every three autoloaders Smith and Wesson sells they sell two revolvers while Ruger has a two to one ratio of autoloaders to revolvers. That would indicate the revolver market is still very viable, one that would probably welcome the return of the Colt Python with open arms.

Also, Colt still doesn’t have their own version of the “Wonder Nine.” Possibly the AA 2000 left a bad memory, but the problems that plagued that gun could be fixed with some solid reengineering. It was the right gun at the wrong time, releasing it at a time when they couldn’t put the time or money into promoting it.

So what does Colt have? The tried and true and a few loyal Colt fanboys to buy them. Sure, the Colt name on a 1911, or an 1873 SAA, or an AR-15 rifle still has cachet among collectors and specialty gun enthusiasts, but that’s not going to turn the company around.

Especially when Colt isn’t even the top 1911 manufacturer. That honor goes to Kimber (#14 on the list), whose 1911 offerings are truly gorgeous, while outselling Colt three to one. And regarding Colt’s AR-15, Bushmaster (#21) outsells Colt by four to one. Plus, there’s a slew of 1911 manufacturers out there who make quality 1911s more affordable than Colt’s offerings. Springfield Armory, for instance, which is #24 on the list makes some fine 1911s. Additionally, Springfield offers polymer, striker-fired pistols as well.

And Para USA, another 1911 specialty company was just purchased by Remington. Auto-Ordnance (of Tommy gun fame), also makes 1911s and was purchased by Kahr Arms, a division of Saeilo Inc, who are #15 on the list.

See a pattern? The competition for 1911 sales is fierce.

Ruger, S&W, and Remington are number 1, 2, and 3 because they’ve adapted. They’re diversified, producing a wide variety of handguns, rifles, and shotguns that the public is clamoring for. And ironically, they each make a 1911 that is just as good as any Colt and in the case of Ruger and S&W, much better looking.

Unless Colt changes its ways and begins to manufacture guns the public demands, which are newer, smaller carry pistols using modern materials and designs, and begins to aggressively market its product lines, they will simply find themselves redundant making firearms the public can find elsewhere and Colt will fade from the public’s memory and into the history books, because nobody is interested in a one-trick, or even a three-trick, pony.


Pop Quiz

See? I told ya!

What year was the Colt 1873 Peacemaker first introduced?


Writing, research, and guns

Posted in Browning, Colt, Ruger, S&W with tags , , , , , , on Tuesday, February 24, 2015 by Ed Wyrd

In the 1929 novel “Maltese Falcon,” Dashiell Hammett writes the line:

“Another thing,” Spade repeated, glaring at the boy: “Keep that gunsel away from me while you’re making up your mind. I’ll kill him.”

The line was kept in its entirety when Sam Spade is played by Humphrey Bogart in the movie adaptation. Hammett used the word gunsel because he was fighting with his editor over the book’s language. He slipped it in knowing full well the editor would assume it was slang for gunman. By getting it past the movie censors, Hammett had a double win.

In reality, gunsel is slang for “a catamite.” What’s a catamite? It’s a boy used in pederasty. OK, OK, what’s pederasty? Its sodomy practices by a man with a boy.

So when Sam Spade calls Wilmer a gunsel, he’s insulting both characters by suggesting the association between the Fat Man, Kasper Gutman (played by Sidney Greenstreet), and Wilmer Cook (played by Elisha Cook, Jr.) goes well beyond the usual employer/employee relationship.

One wonders how many pulp fiction imitators of Hammett went on to use that word in their stories thinking it meant gunman. Had I not looked it up, I might have been added to that count.

So what does that have to do with today’s blog? Nothing, other than I’m going to talk about writing, guns, and research. It seemed like an interesting segue.

Over the last few months, I’ve been doing some research on guns because I’m working on a few weird westerns and a detective urban fantasy. In that research I’ve been learning about flintlocks, caplocks, rimfire and centerfire cartridges, revolvers, autoloaders, and all that fascinating stuff. Terms I’ve heard before but didn’t understand. Cap and ball revolver? What was that? Well, for those who don’t know, it’s a precursor to the self-contained brass cartridge. You’d load the black powder down the barrel, then pack it down with a lead ball. Then you load a cap, which is a small explosive on the “nipple.” When the hammer strikes it, the cap explodes, sending a flame shooting down a tiny tube to ignite the powder charge and push the bullet out of the barrel toward its target.

And I’m learning the history of many manufacturers. And here we’ve finally arrived at the main topic of today’s blog.

If I asked you to name some of the top American gun manufacturers, what names would you come up with? I’ll go make some tea while you’re mulling that over. Pretend I’m humming the theme from “Jeopardy.”

OK, I’m back. What did you come up with? I’m thinking if you have just an average knowledge of guns and aren’t a gun geek (this is where I was going to say gunsel. Good thing I looked that up!) you probably came up with Smith and Wesson, Remington, Ruger, and Colt.

Was I right? What did you come up with?

The interesting thing is, one of those things is not like the others.

If I put them in this order: Ruger, Smith and Wesson, and Remington, we have the top three gun manufacturers in America and in 2010 they sold almost as many guns as the next 21 manufacturers combined.

Ruger, which is the youngest of the above named group having started in 1949, sold almost a million guns in 2010. Smith and Wesson, who started in 1852, is a close second with more than 600,000 sold. While Remington, the oldest, started in 1816, sold a little over 500,000 guns.

And the number four manufacturer is, of course, Maverick Arms. Wait. What? Who? Maverick Arms, who sold over 400,000 guns, is a subsidiary of Mossberg Arms and they mostly produce Maverick 88 shotguns, which are cheap Mossberg 500 knockoffs sold at Wal-Mart.

So surely, the number five gun maker is Colt, right? Wrong, it is Sig Sauer, which oddly enough started life in 1853 as a wagon factory. They sold almost 300,000 guns in 2010. Someone probably asked, “Well, how the hell did they become a gun manufacturer?” Fair enough. Seven years after constructing a plant to build wagons and railcars, they entered a contest to develop a state-of-the-art rifle for the Swiss Army. Four years later, the Swiss Wagon Company won the contest with an order for 300,000 muzzle loading rifles and changed their name to Swiss Industrial Company. SIC. Hmm. Wait a minute. Oh, here it is, they were actually called, Schweizerische Industrie-Gesellschaft (SIG), which was German for Swiss Industrial Company.

Fun, right? Where were we? Oh, right. Colt! Well, instead of playing a guessing game, I’ll come right out and tell you where they rank. Of the Top 25 U.S. firearms manufacturers, Colt is –drum roll– number twenty!

That’s right, #20. Think about that. Here is the most storied firearm manufacturer in America, which got its start in 1855 (1836 if you count the Patent Arms Manufacturing Company that failed). It had two of the most well-known gunsmiths working for it at one time or another, including the man the company is named after, Samuel Colt, while the other is considered a god among gun makers, John Moses Browning.

Samuel Colt

Samuel Colt with an 1851 Navy

John Browning

John Moses Browning

The company has created more famous guns than any other company in the history of the world, including the Colt Walker, the Colt Dragoon, 1851 Navy, 1860 Army, 1861 Navy, 1873 SAA Peacemaker, and arguably the greatest semi-automatic handgun ever designed, John Moses Browning’s 1911, which the military used almost exclusively for 74 years and is still popular 104 years later. They created the Police Special which was manufactured for 60 years. They produced the first snub-nosed revolver with a swing out frame. And they manufactured one of the most popular revolvers ever in the Colt Python.

They were the U. S. Military’s almost exclusive handgun supplier from 1847 until 1985, and also manufactured several long guns including the Thompson Submachine gun (they manufactured the Tommy gun under contract for Auto-Ordnance) and the M16.

And yet, today they’re ranked twentieth among American gun manufacturers? What the hell happened?

I’ll try to explain that in Part Two: What the hell happened?


Faux chocolate treat

Posted in life with tags , , on Friday, February 13, 2015 by Ed Wyrd

A little Back story: My wife received this box of chocolates a while back. They were oblong pieces about 2 inches by a half or three quarters of an inch wide, about the size of two joints on my finger (but since you’ve never seen my fingers that probably doesn’t help) and each is encrusted with crumbled nuts, almond or cashew, wrapped in foil. So this morning, there were only two left. I threw the box away and set the two, one partially out of its foil, on the counter.

We have 5 pets. Three cats and 2 dogs, one of whom is a known counter surfer.

Later this morning, as we were getting ready for work, I noticed one of the chocolates was in the hall between the kitchen and living room. I was like, “How did this get here? I’ll bet a cat knocked it off the counter and a dog brought it here and we interrupted them from their feast.”

So I picked it up. But the moment I got a closer look, i knew immediately it wasn’t one of those nut-encrusted chocolates from the counter. No. This had a different texture and it wasn’t nuts that encrusted this.

It was a fresh cat turd sprinkled with kitty litter.


So after vigorously scrubbing my hands in bleach…. 

I wonder how that got there. The litter pans are in the basement, so either a cat carried it up (unlikely) or a dog did (more likely) hoping to savor his treat but we had interrupted him.

And by do dogs eat cat poop anyway? Ew.

So, starting forward, I’m going to be a little more observant of objects on the floor prior to picking them up in my hand.


Your account is locked, have a nice day

Posted in life, tech with tags , , on Wednesday, February 11, 2015 by Ed Wyrd

Ever have one of those computer security days where you know damned well you typed in your user name and password, but you kept getting the frustrating “user name or password was incorrect.”?

Yes, that was this morning.

I wanted to pay our car loan. I got out my little black password book and typed the access information CORRECTLY three times. It locked me out. Now could I have typed it incorrectly three times? Possible, but highly unlikely. Could my fingers been on the wrong keys? No. I’ve been typing for 42+ years. Was the caps lock on? Nope. After the first ” access denied” i was slow, deliberate, and I checked and double-checked what I was typing. Their system was just being an ass.

I then went to their ” Forgot password” link. Guess what? I needed to know my loan number. Not my email used to register. Not even the three security words they had me create when I registered in the first place (so then, what was the point of creating them?). My loan number, which I didn’t have time to search for since this was making me late for work. I hate computer security.

So I had to call their customer service line. Good thing for whoever would have answered that I had leave for work because I was steaming mad and would have launched into them with a tirade about their stupid security procedures that would have melted their earpiece.

And yes, I realize it isn’t the operator’s fault and I shouldn’t take it out on them. Heck, I get irate phone calls too and understand how it feels to unjustly take on someone else’s anger.

Still, I was irrationally pissed.

Once at work, now calmed down, I called and explained what happened. Somehow, I was locked out.

“Do you know your loan number?” No. “Can I have your social security number.” Yes. “Sir, you’re not listed as having setup a profile.” Huh? “Everyone can setup their own profile to access the account.” Huh? “Your wife has a profile, but you don’t.” I’m the one who registered on your website (and probably used my wife’s info since the loan was in her name). So now what? “I can give you the loan number so you can reset the password.” (Doh!) That would be nice. Thank you. “Is there anything else I can help you with?” No, you’ve done more than enough. “I’d suggest setting up your own profile so this won’t happen again. Have a nice day.” Bite me.

So I got a temp password. Created a new password (actually, the same one in my little black book. Why waste one unnecessarily?), and paid my bill.

Still have no clue what went wrong. It wasn’t like it was a new password I had incorrectly written down, I’ve successfully logged on in the past.

Did I mention I hate computer security?


Pen Fail

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , on Thursday, January 22, 2015 by Ed Wyrd

So I saw this really sharp looking fountain pen on eBay with a really cheap price. Supposedly, it was a Hero, which is a Chinese brand, but a brand of some repute. (If you aren’t aware, many Chinese pens are just extremely cheap imitations of some classic American or European models.)

I figured, why not. It was nice looking and even if it didn’t work, I didn’t pay much for it (I believe it was less than $5).

It came and it is a nice looking pen. It has a brown marveled finish with silver accents and black trim. It has an hooded nib, like my Parker, which I love, and a bladder system that uses a flexible metal strip that you press to squeeze the bladder and fill with ink.

There is a logo on the section that looks like a snake or dragon (see photo). I can’t make out the name, but it isn’t “Hero.” Maybe its “Pawned.”


Well, as with most things, looks aren’t everything. If this were a sword, it would be what is known as a “wall hanger.” Only good to display.

The nib is scratchy. Imagine taking a paper clip, straightening bit, then dipping it in ink. The experience would be the same.

But the worst part isn’t he ink flow. Again, look at the photo. See that writing? Its backwards because the ink flows so quickly it bleeds through the paper to the other side!

Lesson learned. This will go into a stand with a few other fountain pens I’ve purchased that also qualify as “wall hangers.” I’ll do a future post on those.

Caveat emptor.



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